“Because every swan I have ever seen was white, all swans must be white!” If the contrary has not been proven true over time, this statement would sound quite reasonable. Until the 17th century, the Europeans had firmly believed that all swans were white. The discovery of the black swan in […]
We understand organizations as social systems continuously seeking assignments, objectives and purposes for self-preservation and in this sense, are simultaneously means and purpose. Ergo, an organization is a product of itself, funneling all of its energy into accommodating its continuing existence and if necessary, altering its assignments and meaning to sustain its […]
Our understanding of organization and the systemetic organizational consultancy connected to it, is based on the findings of the renowned social scientist and co-founder of the newer system theory, Mr. Niklas Luhmann. We grasp organizations as one very specific type of social system that has been brought forth during the past […]
In January 2011 we risked the prediction that the growth in Germany for 2012 is likely to be only 1,3 %. If we are to trust the experts our estimation was not too pessimistic as the present growth forecasts for the year 2012 is somewhere between 1,2 and 0 % compared to the previous year. […]
Why do organizations persist in old observation and evaluation patterns although relevant environments change so fast and radical? How come that early recognizable signals are not picked up and evaluated and related findings are not fed in decision processes?